Ocean acidification is the climate changing in the oceans due to carbon dioxide. When the sea absorbs carbon dioxide, some reactions will occur, which will affect seawater ph. These reactions are known as ocean acidification. This is increasing day by day ocean, keeping absorbing gases. This is due to the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and pollutants from different industries. If the sea absorbs more gases, it will increase acidity.
Ocean acidification effects are drastic on the ocean species and more impact on biological impacts. Some of them are oysters, clams, sea urchins, shallow water corals, deep-sea corals, calcareous plankton.
Affects on ocean life
Ocean life is more affected by ocean acidification, as it is at risk of rising acidity. It dissolves organisms’ shells and skeleton, and it is very hard for animals that produce structures of calcium carbonates to repair their bodies and shells again. It also impacts on their grow and reproduce abilities. It affects more problems with their survival if the water is more acidic; it takes more energy to survive.
Ocean acidification also affects food supply as the people eat animals; all the shells were dried and dissolved.
If ocean acidification affects both ocean life and food supply, it is also significant in the ecosystem. It has more consequences on the ecosystem; it also affects people as people also depend upon the ecosystem, such as food, shelter, and tourism income. A human entirely relies on the ecosystem provided by a healthy ocean, but ocean acidification endangers their services.
It also affects some fish life cycles as it disperses whole ocean currents, disturbing larva, which is reproduced by the fish. So it will not develop properly when acidity is more.
How to stop ocean acidification
- Conserve water
One of the most factors which help to stop ocean acidification is to conserve water. Saving water will help in reducing gas emissions, which will help to decrease ocean acidification.
- Take less meat in the meal.
It is also the best method to stop ocean acidification by eating less meat. Taking meat is a big reason for climate change, leading to ocean acidification—eating nutrition like fruits and vegetables and beans, which will help nature. Also, it is limited to animal sufferings and reduces greenhouse gases, causing global warming, which is the significant cause of ocean acidification.
- Use less energy
This can also be the factor that helps in stopping in ocean acidification by conserving the energy, and energy is saved by using less energy. So turn off lights, bulbs, unplugged power when they are not in use. Use qualified products of home appliances, which will help conserve energy, and it will also lead to saving money.
So These are factors that will help stop ocean acidification and save the ocean and the whole environment. Ocean acidification becomes the most critical problem in the atmosphere today, so it is the best time to conserve nature. So it is our duty to conserve the nature.