What should we care about oceans?
The ocean is an essential part of our planet as it provides us with various benefits and serves as a home for many creatures. It is said that the ocean is a home for different species of plant and animal, their many species of marine life that are not yet discovered as their habitat in the deep part of oceans which are yet to be discovered. Scientists researched that approximately 50-80% of earth oxygen is produced by marine life (getting the exact production rate is difficult due to weather conditions etc.). The ocean covered 70%’ of the earth’s land and had a significant impact on climate. It helps us to supply food and give ingredients for medicines like fight cancer, arthritis, etc. The ocean bed is full of treasures as we even get pearl (most expensive) out of it. The marine is the cheapest way of transportation and nowadays because of modern technology we are getting pollution-free energy from tides and waves of the marine.
Marine life refers to the organisms that take habitat in saltwater includes various animals, microbe, and plants. Unlike land life forms, marine life forms are adapted to the harsh condition of the ocean, like dealing with the density of salt, withstanding the water pressure, adapting them to live with less or no light, and dealing with the inhale of oxygen. Marine plants are covered with a wax-like substance that saves them from rotting because of excess saltwater. Marine life has a very diverse species there size can range from huge like a whale to tinny like a microorganism. Some marine life forms are not yet even discovered because of the Deep Ocean’s high pressure and dark conditions. The marine life forms are useful as some act as the key ingredient of various medicine, some act as nutritious food.
Human impact on marine life
From the start of their era Human relied on the ocean to fulfill various needs, but recent activities are affecting marine life vigorously. Certain, the effect of overexploitation of ocean on marine life are:
- Pollution: Various industries throw their waste in the ocean without treating it, like waste oil, untreated water, which is polluting the ocean and results in the death of various marine life forms.
- Overfishing: Because of overfishing in the ocean to get seafood, the density of fish decreases faster than the rate of their birth. Condition is bad enough that some species are on the verge of extension.
- Ocean acidification: due to the release of harmful chemicals.
Ways to save oceans
We are not too late to save the ocean and its marine life, but for that, humanity needs to take steps. We need to lower carbon production and make strict laws against industries that discharge untreated water. We should lower seafood consumption and reduce plastic products and not through blech or harmful chemicals in the ocean. Stop the purchase of items that exploit marine life by any means and try to influence the people around you to do the same.